I didn’t have a chance to discuss this in my last website and even though I’m a week late I wanted to belatedly acknowledge the International Day of the Girl which was celebrated on October 11. In honor of that day, the CDC sent an email with information that they hoped would raise awareness about the health issues that impact young girls worldwide. They chose seven topics (none, thank goodness about Ebola) that should be addressed in order to promote the health and safety of girls. I thought I would outline them this week:
The CDC noted that “alcohol is the most commonly used and abused drug among youth in the United States.” According to their statistics one in five high school girls binge drink and half of high school girls who drink alcohol report binge drinking. That means that they’re consuming four or more drinks on a single occasion. This increases their risk of behavior problems, injuries, sexually transmitted infections, unintended pregnancy and also impacts their risk of becoming addicted to alcohol and future health problems.
Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)
This type of virus causes most cases of cervical cancer as well as vaginal and anal cancer. It’s now calculated that 14 million people including teens become infected with HPV every year! But here’s the good news… We now have an HPV vaccine that protects against the HPV types that most often cause anal, cervical, vaginal, vulvar and mouth/throat cancers in women. I’ve talked to most of my patients who are mothers, as well as my younger patients, about the importance of getting this vaccine and indeed have written several articles on my website. Here is a reminder: The HPV vaccine is recommended for girls and boys when they are 11 or 12 years old. It can lower HPV infection rate for teen girls by half. Unfortunately, only 57% of girls and 35% the boys have started the HPV vaccine series. We have to do better…
As I hope we all know, this significantly increases skin cancer risk. The risk is highest among those who start tanning at a younger age. Nearly 33% of white high school girls have tanned indoors and some start doing this as early as age 14 or younger. Indoor tanning causes melanoma which is the deadliest type of cancer. It also contributes to premature aging. We do have laws that prevent young teens from using indoor tanning salons in California but I’m not sure that they are well followed. Somehow we have to promote the slogan that untanned skin is beautiful (and will stay beautiful longer). So many of us wish we had known this years ago.
Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI’s)
Teens and young adults between the ages of 15 and 24 account for half of all new STI’s. Clearly this is where choice of partner and condoms come into play or should I say foreplay…
The CDC reports that studies indicate that 36% to 62% of reported sexual assaults are committed against girls age 15 and younger around the world. In the United States, 40.4% of female rape victims where first raped before age 18.
Among 15 to 24-year-olds, suicide accounts for 11% of all deaths annually!
In 2012, more than 86,000 teens in The United States ages 15 to 17 gave birth. As the CDC points out, this increases their medical risks and results in huge emotional, social and financial costs to the mother and her children. Becoming a teen mom affects whether the mother finishes high school, goes to college, and the type of job she will get.
I listed these alarming stats because I (and the CDC) think we should be aware of the major issues that impact the teen girls in our lives. Ignoring them will not help us address their problems. Yes, we should be celebrating the day of the young girl, but to do so, we need to make sure she stays safe and healthy.